Small and Medium-Sized Firms' First Interaction with Government: An Exploratory Study
This study examined the initial public policy interactions between small and medium-sized firms and government. Using qualitative and quantitative methodologies, characteristics of the initial involvement decision and its outcome were uncovered. The initial position of the firm was more likely to be opposed, with issue type influencing that stance. There was an even split between success and failure, with a significant correlation between opposition to an issue and failure. Firms were also most likely to lose if their issue was primarily resolved at the state level.
Brock, W. A., & Evans, D. S. (1986). The economics of small business. NY: Holmes & Meier. Buchholz, R. A. ( 1988). Public policy issues for management. NJ: Prentice Hall.
Chrisman, J. J., & Archer, R. W. ( 1984). Small business responsibil ity: Some perceptions and insights. American Journal of Small Business, 9(2), 46-58.
Cook, R. G., & Barry, D. (1993). When should the small firm become involved in publ ic pol icy. Journal of Small Business Management, 31(1), 39-50.
Cook, R. G., & Barry, D. ( 1995). Shaping the external environment: A study of small firms' attempts to influence public policy. Business & Society, 34( 3), 317-344.
Dennis, W. J., Jr. (1993). A small business primer. Washington, DC: N FIB Foundation.
Epstein, E. M. (1980). Business political activity: Research approaches and analytical issues. In L. Preston (Ed.), Research in corporate social performances and policy 2 (pp. 1-56). Greenwich, CT: JAi.
Executive Office of the President. (1994). The state of small business: A report of the president. Washington, DC: US Government Pri nting Office.
Fowler, F. J. ( 1988). Survey research methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. Gaedeke, R. M., & Tootelion, D. H. ( 1991). Small business management (3rd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Gatewood, E. ( 1993). The expectancies in pu bl ic sector venture assistance. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, /7(2), 91-96.
Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago: Aldine.
Gomolka, E.G. ( 1978). The social responsibility of minority-owned small business companies. American Journal of Small Business, 2, 1-12.
Hemmasi, M., Graf, L., Strong, K., & W inchell, M. ( 1994). Strategic implications of current small business waste reduction programs. Journal of Small Business Strategy. 5( I ), 45- 55.
Hodgens, R. M., & K uratko, D. F. (1995). Effective small business management ( 5th ed.). Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press.
Judge, G. G., Griffiths, W. E., H ill, R. C., Lutkepol, H., & Lee, T. (1985). The theory and practice of econometrics (2nd. Ed.). New York: John W iley and sons.
Kelley, P. C. ( 1991). Factors that i nfl uence the development of trade associations' political behaviors. In J. Post (Ed.), Research in corporate social performance and policy 12 (pp. 93-142). Greenwich, CT: JAi Press.
Knoke, D. (1990). Organization for collective action: The political economies of associations. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Lad, J. L. ( 1991). Industry self-regulation as interfirm and multisector collaboration: The case of the direct selling ind ustry. I n J. Post (Ed.), Research in corporate social performance and policy 12 (pp. 1 55-178). G reenwich, CT: JAi Press.
Levitan, S. A., & Cooper, M. (1984). Business lobbies: The public good and the bol/om line. Balti more, M D: John Hopki ns University Press.
Longenecker, J. G., Moore, C. W., & Petty, J. W. ( 1 994). Small business management: An entrepreneurial en1phasis (9th ed.). Cincinnati, OH: South- Western.
Marcus, A. A., Kaufman, A. M., & Beam, D. R. ( 1987). The pursuit of corporate advantage and the q uest for social legiti macy. I n Business strategy and public policy (pp. 1-1 8). CT: Quorum Books.
Meggi nson, W. L.. Byrd, M. J., Scott, C. R., & Megginson, L. C. (1994). Small business management: An entrepreneur's guide to success. Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin.
Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. ( 1 994). Qualitative data analysis (2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: SAGE Publicat ions.
Mitnick, B. M. ( 1 980). The political economy of regulation. New York: Columbia University Press.
Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action. Boston: Harvard University Press.
Patton, M. Q. ( 1 990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Post, J. E. ( 1 978). Corporate behavior and social change. Reston, VA: Reston Publ ishi ng.
Preston, L. E. (1990). Editor's i ntroduct ion. I n L. Preston (Ed.), Government regulation and business response: Research issues and etnpirical studies (pp. xi-xi i). G reenwich, CT: JA i Press.
Russell, C. S. ( 1 990). Monitoring and enforcement. In P. Portney (Ed.), Public policies for environmental protection (pp. 21 6-274). Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.
Scarborough, N. M., & Zimmerer, T. W. (1 993). Effective small business management. New York: MacMillan Publishi ng.
Samuelson, P. (1 954). The pure theory of public expenditure. Review of Economics and Statistics, 36, 387-390.
Seidman, L. H., & Aalberts, R. J. ( 1 993). Managing the risk of wrongful discharge l itigation: The small firm and the model employment termination act. Journal of Small Business Management, 31(4 ), 75-79.
Shapiro, I. S. ( 1 980). Business and the public pol icy process. I n J. Dunlap (Ed.), Business and Public Policy (pp. 23-33). Boston, M A: Harvard Business School.
Strauss, A. L. ( 1987). Qualitative a11alysis for social scientists. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Thom pson , J. K., Wartick, S. L., & Smith, H. L. (1991). I ntegrating corporate social performance and stakeholder management: Implications for a research agenda in small business. In J. Post (Ed.), Research in corporate social performance and policy 12 (pp. 207-230). Greenwich, CT: JAi Press.
Ullman , A. ( 1985). The impact of the regulatory life cycle on corporate political strategy. California Management Review, 28, 1 40-54.
Weidenbaum, M. L. ( 1979). The figure of business regulation: Private action and public demand. New York: AMACOM.
Wood, D. J. ( 1 986). Strategic uses of public policy. MA: Pitman Publishing.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.