An Empirical Examination of Managerial Competencies Among Black Women Entrepreneurs and Black Women Corporate Executives*

Authors

  • Joe Singer University of Missouri - Kansas City

Abstract

The new economic reality of the 1990' s is clearly the M table entrepreneurial pursuits of women business owners in general and black women entrepreneurs in particular. This paper reports on the managerial competencies and perceived skill development needs of black women entrepreneurs and contrasts their profile with black women corporate managers. Managerial competencies were assessed through the use of the "Leadership Competency Inventory" (LCI). The LCI provides feedback on 55 competencies arranged in four categories: (1) Socio-Economic Environment of Business, (2) Technical and Operational Methods, (3) Human Resource and Interpersonal Communication Skills, and (4) Vision and Environmental Co-Alignment Scanning Abilities. Upon testing for significance, the conclusions indicate that a relatively different and distinct competency profile exists and illustrates the developmental needs for  black women managers anticipating stepping off the corporate track in favor of the entrepreneurial alternative. As for black women entrepreneurs, they continue 10 display mixed perceptions of their skills and abilities with some areas identified as very weak and others very positively viewed.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Birley, S. (1989). Female Entrepreneurs: Are They Really Any DifferenL Journal of Small Business, 21(1), 32-87.

Brand, H. (1988, August). Productivity and Employment: the 1988 International Symposium.

Monihly Labor Review, 3, 32-33.

Brush,C. G., & Hisrich, R. (1988). Women Entrepreneurs: Strategic Origins Impact on Growth. In Kirchoff (Ed), FrOnliers of Enirepreneurship Research, (p. 612). Wellesley, MA: Babson College.

Cooper, A. C., & William, C. D. (1987). Entrepreneurial Research: Old Questions, New Answers and Methodological Issues. American Journal of Small Business, 11(3), 11-23.

Diffley, J. H. (1983). Important Business Competencies for the Women Entrepreneur. Business Education Forum, 37(1), 31-33.

Drucker, P. F. (1986). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. New York, NY: Harper & Row Publishers.

Glenn, E. N. (1992). Racial Ethnic Women's Labor. In R. L. Blumberg (Ed.), Gender, Famil y, and Economy (pp 173-201), Newbury Park, NJ: Sage Publications.

Gregg, G. (1985). Women Entrepreneurs: the Second Generation. Across the Board , 22(1), 10-18.

Hisrich, R. (1986). The Woman Entrepreneur. Characteristics, Skills, Problems, and Prescriptions for Success. In D. Sexton & R. Smilor (Eds) The Art and Science of Entrepreneurship (pp. 61-84). Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Hoffman, P.J. (1960). The Paramorphic Representation of Clinical JudgemenL Psychological Bulletin, 57, 116-132.

Hudson Institute (1987). Workforce 2000: Work and Workersfor the 21st Ceniury, Indianapolis, IN: Author.

McOelland, D. C. (1965). N Achievement and Entrepreneurship: a Longitudinal Study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, I, 389-392.

Mitehell, T.R., & Beach, L.R. (1977). Expectancy Theory, Decision Theory, and Occupational Preference and Choice. In M.F. Kaplan & S. Schwanz (Eds.), Human Judgement and Decision Process in Applied Settings. New York: Academic Press.

Moriya, F. E., Judd, B. B., & File, K. M. (1988). Are Women Business Owners the New Breed ofEntrepreneurs. In H. W.Lasher,E. Malicme,G.B.Roberts,& R.F.Scherer(Eds.), 1988 Proceedings of the United States Association for Small BusiM ss and EntrepreM urship (pp 84-87). Monterey, CA.

Morrison, A. M., White, R. P., & Van, V. E. (1987). Breaking the Glass Ceiling. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishers.

Nkomo, S. M. (1988).Race and Sex: The Forgotten Case of the Black Female Manager. InR. S. Rose&L. Laurie (Eds.), Women' s Careers: Pathways and Pitfalls (pp. 133-147). Westpon, CT: Praeger.

Reskin, B. F., & Patricia A. R. (1990). Job Queues, Gender Queues. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Rosener,J.B.(1989,August).CorporateFlightand FemaleEntrepreneurs:IsThereaConnection. Proceedings at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, pp 115-118.

Sekaran, U., & Frederick, T. L. (1992). Womenpower: Managing in Times of Demographic Turbulence. Newbury Park, NJ: Sage Publications.

Stahl, Michae!J.(1986). Managerial and Technical Motivation (pp. 18-29).New York: Praeger. Stahl, M. J., & Harrell, A. M. (1982). Evolution and Validation of Behavioral Decision Theory MeasuremenL Journal of Applied Research. 67(2), 744-751.

Published

1993-06-09

How to Cite

Singer, J. (1993). An Empirical Examination of Managerial Competencies Among Black Women Entrepreneurs and Black Women Corporate Executives*. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 4(2), 43-68. Retrieved from https://libjournals.mtsu.edu/index.php/jsbs/article/view/275

Issue

Section

Special Section