High Performance Work Systems: A Necessity for Startups


  • Joshua S. Bendickson University of Louisiana at Lafayette
  • Jeffrey Muldoon Emporia State University
  • Eric W. Liguori Rowan University
  • Chelsea Midgett East Carolina University


New businesses are an important part of any economy, yet the key elements to achieve startup success are often unclear or up for debate. Attracting, selecting, and training employees are often critical activities for most startups. Research suggests that high performance work systems (i.e., a bundle of human resource practices) enhance organizational performance. However, we posit that most startups lack these systems at the onset, yet with minimal effort can establish a system to improve their likelihood of meeting their goals, enhancing capabilities, and ensuring long-term survival. 

Author Biographies

  • Joshua S. Bendickson, University of Louisiana at Lafayette

    Josh Bendickson earned his Ph.D. in Strategic Management from Louisiana State University. Josh’s research interests include strategic human capital, small business/ entrepreneurship, and international strategy and he is a member of multiple professional organizations including the Academy of Management, Southern Management Association, and the United States Association for Small Business and Entrepreneurship, among others. Josh is an assistant professor of management at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

  • Jeffrey Muldoon, Emporia State University

    Jeffrey Muldoon is an assistant professor of management at Emporia State University. He received his doctorate from the Louisiana State University. He researches organizational behavior, leadership, management history and entrepreneurship. His work has appeared in the Journal of Management History, Leadership and Organizational Journal and Career Development International.

  • Eric W. Liguori, Rowan University

    Dr. Eric Liguori is an entrepreneurial advocate, researcher, and educator. Dr. Liguori researches primarily on the topics of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, entrepreneurship education, and entrepreneurial ecosystems.

  • Chelsea Midgett, East Carolina University

    Chelsea Midgett received her undergraduate degree from NC State. She is currently a M.S. Candidate in Sustainable Tourism and MBA Student at East Carolina University where she is also a graduate teaching/research assistant. Chelsea’s research interests include small businesses sustainability, entrepreneurship, and organizational culture. Chelsea is also a member of the Small Business Institute and of the International Ecotourism Society.


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How to Cite

High Performance Work Systems: A Necessity for Startups. (2017). Journal of Small Business Strategy (archive Only), 27(2), 1-12. https://libjournals.mtsu.edu/index.php/jsbs/article/view/611