Employee Accommodations in Small Business Organizations
AbstractBecause of limited financial and human resources, small entrepreneurial organizations often struggle to meet work accommodation needs of their employees. Further complicating this challenge is an absence of professional human resource expertise and procedures to guide accommodation decision making. As a result, accommodations frequently carry with them more unintended negative consequences for co-workers than would otherwise be necessary or desirable. While many of these small organizations are not legally mandated to provide accommodations, their employees still have occasions where accommodations are needed and considered to be appropriate. Entrepreneurial organizations need creative and practical strategies to meet such needs. To address these concerns, many factors should be considered and incorporated into organizational responses to such requests. A model discussing these factors is proposed and suggestions for implementing accommodations in a manner which minimizes negative impacts are described.
Baldridge, D.C. & Veiga, J.F. (2001). Toward a Greater Understanding of the Willingness to Request an Accommodation: Can Requesters' Beliefs Disable the Americans with Disabilities Act? Academy of Management Review, 26(1):85-99.
Greenlaw, P.S. & Kohl, J.P. (1992). The ADA: Public Personnel Management, Reasonable Accommodation, and Undue Hardship. Public Personnel Management, 21(4): 411-427.
Hantula, D.A. & Reilly, N.A. (1996). Reasonable Accommodation for Employees with Mental Disabilities: A Mandate for Effective Supervision? Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 14: 107-120.
MacDonald-Wilson, K.L., Rogers, E.S., & Massaro, J. (2003). Identifying Relationships Between Functional Limitations, Job Accommodations, and Demographic Characteristics of Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 18: 15-24.
Mondak, P. (2000). The Americans with Disabilities Act and Information Technology Access. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 15(1): 43-51.
Nelson, B. (1994). 1001 Ways to Reward Employees. New York: Workman Publishing.
Price, L.A. & Gerber, P.J. (2001). At Second Glance; Employers and Employees with Learning Disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 34(3): 202-210.
Starrels, M.E., Ingersoll-Dayton, B., Dowler, D.W., & Neal, M.B. (1997). The Stress of Caring for a Parent: Effects of the Elder's Impairment on an Employed, Adult Child. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59: 860-872.
Staten, M.E. (1982). Information Costs and Incentives to Shirk: Disability Compensation of Air Traffic Controllers. The American Economic Review, 72(5):, 1023-1037.
Unger, D.D. (1999). Workplace Supports: A View from Employers Who Have Hired Supported Employees. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 14(3): 167-179.