Self-Actualization: The Zenith of Entrepreneurship

Authors

  • James W. Carland, Jr. Western Carolina University
  • Jo Ann C. Carland Western Carolina University
  • James W. (Trey) Carland, III Western Carolina University

Abstract

This paper presents entrepreneurship  literature  which supports  a treatment  of entrepreneurial drive as a continuum. Behavioral differences among entrepreneurs are presented and examined in the light of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The two perspectives are linked by a perspective of entrepreneurial activity as a vehicle which can support one's advancement through all levels of the hierarchy. This perspective is examined empirically with a database of 156 entrepreneurs, and the authors conclude that the respondents in this study who displayed higher entrepreneurial drive did view their businesses as vehicles for achieving self-esteem and self-actualization. Those respondents displaying lower entrepreneurial drive viewed their firms as vehicles for providing  basic financial  needs.

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Published

1995-01-10

How to Cite

Carland, Jr., J. W., Carland, J. A. C., & Carland, III, J. W. (Trey). (1995). Self-Actualization: The Zenith of Entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 6(1), 53-66. Retrieved from https://libjournals.mtsu.edu/index.php/jsbs/article/view/306

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