Parent Reports of Executive Functions in Students with Learning Disability


  • Jane Roitsch
  • Annemarie L. Horn
  • Lisa Morin


learning disability, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, learning, cognition


This study examines the results of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF-2) (Gioia et al., 2015) reported by parents of children with Specific Learning Disability (LD) and/or other comorbid disabilities. LD is most notably associated with comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (Alloway & Stein, 2014; Westby &Watson, 2004; Willcutt et al., 2013). A total of 43 parents completed the BRIEF-2 rating scale. Findings suggest children with LD and ADHD display greater challenges with inhibition, working memory, planning, along with greater challenges in organization and metacognition. Parents of children with LD reported
their children have greater levels of executive function difficulties in comparison to children with LD who do not have a secondary diagnosis of ADHD.