Total Quality Management, Just-In-Time, and Their Effect on Small Manufacturers


  • Feraidoon (Fred) Raafat San Diego State University
  • Milton Chen San Diego State University


This paper examines components of TQM /JIT as they relate to small manufacturers. Particularly, those components that specificall y relate to small volume manufacturing firms are discussed within the framework of the authors' experiences with small manufacturers in Southern California. Common difficulties encountered in small businesses in their effort to implement TQM /]IT are examined .


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