Self-Employment Training Programs for the Poor
As a strategy to help law income people create their awn jobs, numerous training programs have been developed to assist the poor to start a small business. This effort is becoming widespread in both the U.S. and Europe. While there seems to be a consensus of what a self-employment training program should contain, the appropriateness of the typical program, for low income people with severe educational deficiencies, is questioned. A typology for differentiating self-employment training programs is generated and their distribution is described from a survey of self-employment training programs for low income people in the United States.
Balkin, S. Directory of the Chicago Self-Em ployment Program Network. (Chicago, IL:
Roosevelt University, Department of Economics, 1987).
Balkin, S. Franchises as Potential Self-Em ployment Opportunities. Working Papers in Economics and Political Economy. (Chicago, IL:Roosevelt University, 1988).
Balkin, S. Self-Em ployment for Low Income People. (New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1989).
Balkin, S. and Czechowski, D.E. Survey of CETA Entrepreneurial Programs: Supplement Report to National Commission on fobs and Small Business. (Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service, 1986).
Barker, P.S. Self-Employment Schemes for the Unemployed . ILE Notebooks No. 10. (Paris,
France: Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 1989).
Bendick, M. Jr. and Egan, M. L. "Transfer Payment Diversion for Small Business
Development: British and French Experience."Ind ustrial and l..abor Relations Reuiew, (July, 1987, pp. 528-542).
Birch, D. L. fob Creation in America. (New York, NY: The Free Press, 1987).
Chicago Tribune. "Business Training Gets Funding Boost." (February 27, 1990, Sec-2, p. 3).
Cummings, S. (ed.) Self-Hel p in Urban America: Patterns of Minority Business Enterprise.
(New York, NY: Kennikat Press, 1980).
Corporation for Enterprise Development. TheEntrepreneurial Economy, (June, 1986,entire issue).
Feit, R. "Expanding Entrepreneurial Opportunity: An Alternative Route to
Self-Sufficiency. "Background Paper for the Corporation for Enterprise Development, (Washington, D.C.: 1987).
Ferman, L A., Henry, S. and Hoyman M.(eds.) The Informal Economy, Special Edition of The
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. (September, 1987).
Friedman, R. E. "Expanding the Vision of the Entrepreneurial Economy."The Entre preneurial Economy (December/January, 1986, pp. 2-3).
Gould, S. and Lyman, J. "A Working Guide to Women's Self-Employment." The
Entrepreneurial Economy (March, 1987, pp. 5-14).
Guy, C.A. "Overview of the Self-Employment Investment Demonstration. " Evaluation Forum. (Forthcoming, 1990).
Guy, C.A., Fink, B. and Doolittle, F. Self-Employment Investment Demonstration -Early
Implementation Issues. (New York, NY: Manpower Development Research Corpora tion, 1989).
Hinds, M. "Door to a Business of One's Own Can Be Good Exit From Welfare." New
York Times. (June 3, 1990. Sec. 1, pp. 1and 20).
Hollister Jr., R.G., Kemper, P. and Maynard, R.A. (eds.) The National Supported Work
Demonstration. (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984).
Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs. Organizing Self-Employment Training Programs: A Guide for Development Organizations. (Springfield, IL: 1987).
Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs. Self-Em ployment Training Programs: Case Studies. (Springfield, IL: 1987).
Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs. Self-Employment Training Program 1989-1990 Request for Proposals. Program Administration Bureau. (Springfield, IL: 1989).
Levitan, S. A. and Johnson, C. M. Beyond the Safety Net. (Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1984).
Light, I. "Immigrant and Ethnic Enterprise in North America." Ethnic and Racial Studies.
(April, pp. 195-216).
Mangum, S.,Tansky, J. and Keyton, J. (1988). "Small Business Training as a Strategy to Assist
Displaced Workers: An Ohio Pilot Project. " Journal of Small Business Manage ment. October, pp.14 -21.
McDermott, M. "Maryland Targets the Disadvantaged. " Franchise. (May/June, 1986, pp. 42-45).
MinisterforSpeciallntervention in Southern Italy. Giovani &Impresa. (June, 1987,entire issue).
Puls, B. From Unemployed to Self-Employed: A Program Anal ysis. (Denver, CO: National
Conference of State Legislatures, 1988).
Ryan, C.C.,et.al. "Educator's Views on Small Business Training."Journal of Small Business
Management. (Washington, D.C.: 1987, pp. 80-83).
Solomon, G. National Survey of Entrepreneurial Education 3rd ed ..(Washington, D.C.:
U.S. Small Business Administration, 1986).
The Roper Organization. The American Dream: A National Survey l1y the Wall Street Journal. (Princeton, NJ: Dow Jones and Company, Inc., 1987).