Financial preferences of listed SMEs in India: An empirical study
Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) play a very significant role in boosting sustainable economic growth and development of any country. The present study examines various firm-specific determinants that have an impact on the financing choice of the listed Indian SMEs. It also studied the financing practices of the listed SMEs in India and tried to find out if their financing pattern follows the established theories of Corporate Finance. The study selected 113 SMEs listed on the NSE Emerge Exchange for the period between 2014 and 2018. To examine the problem, empirical analysis is done with the help of panel data regression. The study finds that for meeting financial requirements of listed SMEs, they prefer current liabilities first, then total reserves, thereafter short-term borrowings and lastly the long-term borrowings. Among the independent variables chosen based on an extensive literature survey, most of them are statistically significant but are depicting lower explanatory power. Hence, it leads to the possibility of some other firm-specific factors or macroeconomic factors being more relevant in deciding the listed firm’s financing choices. The study concludes that no single theory like Pecking Order Theory (POT) or Trade-Off Theory (TOT) can explain the financing behaviour of listed SMEs completely. It contributes to the extant literature on listed SMEs by attempting to examine the impact of listing on the financing patterns of the SMEs.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Sushma Verma, Samik Shome, Aakruti Patel
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