Why foreignness matters: The impact of business-family interference on the exit intentions of women entrepreneur
The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of family-to-business and business-to-family interference on the exit intentions of women entrepreneurs. Additionally, the study examines the moderating role of foreignness on these associations. Data was gathered from 300 women entrepreneurs operating in South Africa using a survey approach. The collected data was analyzed using regression analysis to test the hypothesized associations. The results showed that both family-to-business and business-to-family interference had a significant positive influence on the exit intentions of women entrepreneurs. Also, it was observed that foreignness moderated these associations such that the effect of both types of interference on exit intentions was stronger for local than for immigrant women entrepreneurs. Moreover, in general, immigrant women entrepreneurs were less likely to exit their businesses than locals. This shows some valuable connections between the immigrant entrepreneurship and women entrepreneurship literature. Additionally, the study presents some new control factors when examining exit intentions such as access to finance and copreneurship, which are seen to significantly shape the exit intentions of women entrepreneurs.